We make sure that forest preservation and reforestation is a much better business opportunity for all stakeholders.
Responsibly operating organizations know that we need to stop deforestation and to urgently reduce the levels of CO2 in the atmosphere.
We do this for corporates by running their forestry programs that preserves natural forests and provide CO2 offsets from reforestation in the Gran Chaco, the second largest forest behind the Amazon Rainforest.
On the land we operate, we preserve 50% of the existing natural forest with all of its biodiversity and we reforest 50% of existing, over 10 year old, cattleland in silvopasture mode (cattle grazing combined with forestry) avoiding any Indirect Land Use Change (ILUC). We use perennial trees that sequester significant levels of CO2 rapidly and produce oil-filled pods yearly. The oil is transformed into renewable fuel and the remainder is used as bio-protein for feed and food avoiding additional CO2 emissions.
That’s what we call quadruple impact!
Corporates that sign up for our program preserve forests and benefit for the next 30 years from CO2 offsets, oil and protein income. The proceeds can be directly re-invested in additional reforestation which makes corporate programs exponential and everlasting.
There is no reason, or excuse, for any world class corporation not to act immediately. Reforestation programs brings economic and social gains to all stakeholders and is beneficial to us all.
We are not on target in the reduction of CO2 emissions.
According to the latest IEA report, global energy related emissions grew 1.7% in 2018 to reach a historic high of 33.1 Gt of CO2 in the atmosphere. The 2018 growth of 1.7% was the equivalent of the total emissions from international aviation. Energy demand is projected to still grow by 50% by 2025.
The good news is that in the period between 2014 and 2016 world’s CO2 emissions stagnated through improved energy efficiency and low-CO2 technologies leading to a decline in coal demand. We have however since not been able to scale low CO2 options to meet the rise in energy demand.
Over and above limiting emissions, CO2 needs to be further sequestered from the atmosphere if we want to meet the IEA sustainable development scenarios.
Our reforestation programs restore cattle land as silvopastures; combining trees, grazing livestock and the by law compulsory 50% green reserves of native vegetation.
The Paraguay Chaco, close to Brazil, has the optimal climate, extensive land availability and the presence of legislation favourable to reforestation. Reforestation is executed under 25-year leases. After that time, the trees transfer automatically to the land-owners and continue to produce and sequester CO2 for another 50+ years.
The Pongamia tree produces nitrogen, a natural fertilizer, that allows grass in its vicinity to grow abundantly without the need for additional fertilizing. Pongamia leaves have a taste that cattle dislike, giving the trees protection from grazing species.
Pongamia is resistant to extremely hot temperatures (up to 55 degrees celsius) and can withstand 3 to 4 months of dry season of the Chaco. Over the past 20 years, the Chaco has suffered from extensive deforestation to make way for cattle land developments.
We have an estimated 4 million hectares in the Chaco already earmarked for our reforestation programs.
Biofuels have been in use ever since Rudolf Diesel, the german inventor of the diesel engine, first designed his diesel engine for peanut oil and Henry Ford his Model T car for hemp derived biofuel.
Finding new, economically viable sources of non-fossil oil that can be sustainably produced without competing with land resources for our food production has always been the big challenge.
Doing so through reforestation with CO2 sequestering trees is economically viable in south America. At maturity, each tree will produce over 10 liters of crude oil every year. Under the Low Carbon Fuels Standards, the oil has been certified by MEO/ISCC as having the lowest Carbon Intensity (CI) value of all possible energy feedstocks.
Trees are planted to reforest impoverished cattle land where they act as CO2 sinks, fix nitrogen through their root systems and grow fruit rich in vegetable oil. The fuel that is derived from Pongamia oil is CO2 negative.
Pongamia derived biofuel is categorized as a Renewable Diesel, Advanced Diesel or HVO.
Under our reforestation programs, trees are planted directly onto cattle land. At maturity, each tree produces over 15 kg of protein yearly. This significant new source of sustainable protein reduces the demand for vegetable oils and protein derived from alternative high CO2 emitting practices.
The Pongamia tree is a legume (Fabaceae) that emits nitrogen into the soil which boosts pod yield and hence the protein and oil production. The auto-fertilising effect of our trees eliminates any need for additional fertilizers (which are also fossil fuel products).
As an energy crop, our trees fit into the preferred mold of a low-ILUC crop that requires little in the way of irrigation and pest control, so it can be grown on marginal non-food lands. Pongamia trees have a productive life of 50+ years.
Because of the non-palpability of the oil (the very reason why cattle can safely graze under Pongamia trees), specific treatments and technologies are used to “clean” the seedcake to enable its use as edible protein. Together with our partners, specific research and protocols are being developed to maximize the use of Pongamia seedcake as protein for both animal and even human consumption.
According to the World Bank, 12 million hectares, or 3 times the size of Switzerland, is being deforested yearly representing 20% of global CO2 emissions. Too many forested areas have been destroyed already in order to grow palm, soya or to be used as cattle land.
This is unsustainable.
Avoiding deforestation is hence critical for the reversion of global warming. We need to stop reducing our Earth’s capacity to absorb CO2.
The major obstacle to reforestation is almost always an implied reduced economic profitability of the land. Therefore we need to make protecting and planting trees more economically viable than cutting them down.
According to the OECD we will see a 60% increase of transport related CO2 emissions by 2050. The transport sector is one of the largest contributor to CO2 emissions and thus climate change.
The transition to electricity storage is still in its infancy. Battery Electric Vehicles will only be able to decarbonize light engine, city traffic if the electricity is derived from renewable sources. Electricity will not be a solution for long distance transport, trucks, boats, and air transport.
When energy crops are grown on agriculture land, further deforestation will be caused, a phenomenon also known as Indirect Land Use Change or ILUC. When food land started being used for first generation biofuels it had the unintended consequence of releasing more net CO2 emissions through additional indirect land use change or deforestation.
Oil majors urgently need to increase their efforts to develop the production of low-ILUC advanced biofuels to gradually replace fossil fuel in greater volumes.
Agriculture is a major contributor to greenhouse gas emissions and deforestation. And it will only get worse: the FAO projects continued clearing of forests in order to plant soybeans. This is because 0.5-1.5% increases in annual productivity still aren’t enough to supply our growing world population in protein.
A large part of world’s forests have already been destroyed. Every minute we are still cutting down the equivalent of 27 football fields to make way for the production of protein such as soy, corn and palm. 15% of all greenhouse emissions come as a direct result of deforestation for agriculture. This is represents an even higher level of emissions than the transportation sector.
The consequences of large scale agriculture are devastating: soil erosion and impoverishment, relocation of entire populations, dramatic loss of fauna and flora, disruption of natural water cycles… the list is endless.
By 2050 we will need to feed an additional 2 billion people on our planet… so developing an alternative, renewable source of low-ILUC protein production would represent another major positive impact.
Trees are the most effective, fastest and cheapest way to take CO2 out of the atmosphere, especially when used in volume reforestation programs.
For our reforestation programs, we have considered many options and finally selected the Pongamia Pinnata tree, also known as the Indian Beech tree, which is the most efficient tree to grown on non-food land. Pongamia is known for its well documented adaptability, sturdiness and yield. Our trees are selected from the world’s best elite genetics and propagated in our own nurseries and commence sequestering CO2 immediately.
The trees used in our reforestation programs are planted at 6-9 months of age. Over the course of 25 years, each tree will sequester between 27 and 74 kg of CO2 per year.
With the rapid growth of our Corporate CO2 offset programs, we are on route to planting millions of trees in our earmarked reforestation areas, enabling the sequestration of hundreds/ thousands of tons of CO2 each year.
We provide services to our reforestation program owners to register their program as Verified Carbon Standard (VCS) projects, the world’s leading voluntary GHG program. Once audited and approved as a VCS project, a specific number of Verified Carbon Units (VCUs) can be issued, transferred and retired by the program owner.
Giving the impact we need to make to create a sustainable future, we are planning ahead. Above an overview of the natural reserves available to us for the scaling our operations.
In this, we pride ourselves in employing local personnel in Paraguay. All our team members are fully trained, supported and paid decent wages. Once fully operational we expect to provide over 1,000 new jobs locally.